Performance Expectations: Use information from several sources to provide evidence that Earth events can occur quickly or slowly.

Compare multiple solutions designed to slow or prevent wind or water from changing the shape of the land.




Science & Engineering Practices
Disciplinary Core Ideas
Crosscutting Concepts
  • Developing and using models

  • Contructing explanations and designing solutions

  • Obtaining, evaluating and communicating information
  • The history of planet earth
    • Some events happen very quickly; others occur very slowly, over a time period much longer than one can observe.

  • Earth materials and systems
    • Wind and water can change the shape of the land

  • The role of water in Earth's surface processes
    • Water is found in the ocean, rivers, lakes, and ponds.

  • Optimizing the design solution
    • Because there is always more than one possible solution to a problem, it is useful to compare and test designs.
  • Patterns
    • Patterns in the natural and human designed world can be observed.

  • Systems and System Models
    • A system can be described in terms of its components and their interactions.

  • Cause and effect
    • Events have causes that generate observable patterns.

  • Stability and change
    • Things may change rapidly or slowly.
 









Performance Expectations: Construct an argument that some animals form groups the help members survive.

Construct an argument with evidence that in a particular habitat some organizms can survive well, and some survive less well, and some cannot survive at all.



Science & Engineering Practices
Disciplinary Core Ideas
Crosscutting Concepts
  • Make a claim about the merit of a design solution that reduces the impacts of a weather-related hazard.


  • Natural hazards
    • Make a claim about the merit of a design solution that reduces the impacts of a weather-related hazard.

  • Weather and climate

    • Climate describes a range of an area's typical weather conditions and the extent to which those conditions vary over years.

  • Patterns
    • Patterns of change can be used to make predictions.
  • Cause and Effect
    • Cause and effect relationships are routinely identified, tested, and used to explain change.
  • Structure and Function
    • The shape and stability of structures of natural and designed objects are related to their function(s).
  • Scale, Proportion & Quantity
    • Natural objects and/or observable phenomena exist from the very small to the immensely large or from the very short to the very long time periods.
  • Systems and System Models
    • A system can be described in terms of its components and their interactions.











Performance Expectations: Make observations and/or measurements to provide evidence of the effects of weathering or the rate of erosion by water, ice, wind, or vegetation.

Analyze and interpret data from maps to describe patterns of Earth’s features.

Generate and compare multiple solutions to reduce the impacts of natural Earth processes on humans.



Science & Engineering Practices
Disciplinary Core Ideas
Crosscutting Concepts
  • Planning and carrying out investigations

  • Analyzing and interpreting data

  • Constructing explanations and designing solutions
  • Plate tectonics and large-scale system interactions

    • The locations of mountain ranges, deep ocean trenches, ocean floor structures, earthquakes, and volcanoes occur in patterns. Most earthquakes and volcanoes occur in bands that are often along the boundaries between continents and oceans.

  • Natural hazards

    • A variety of natural hazards result from natural processes. Humans cannot eliminate natural hazards but can take steps to reduce their impacts.

  • Developing possible solutions

    • Testing a solution involves investigating how well it performs under a range of likely conditions.
  • Patterns
    • Patterns of change can be used to make predictions

  • Cause and Effect
    • Cause and effect relationships are routinely identified, tested, and used to explain change.

  • Structure and Function
    • The shape and stability of structures of natural and designed objects are related to their function(s).

  • Scale, Proportion & Quantity
    • The shape and stability of structures of natural and designed objects are related to their function(s).
  • Systems and System Models
    • A system can be described in terms of its components and their interactions.










Performance Expectations: Support an argument that plants get the materials they need for growth chiefly from air and water.

Develop a model to describe the movement of matter among plants, animals, decomposers, and the environment.





Science & Engineering Practices
Disciplinary Core Ideas
Crosscutting Concepts
  • Describe and graph the amounts and percentages of water and fresh water in various reservoirs to provide evidence about the distribution of water on Earth.

  • Obtain and combine information about ways individual communities use science ideas to protect the Earth’s resources and environment.



  • The role of water in Earth's surface processes

    • Nearly all of Earth’s available water is in the ocean. Most fresh water is in glaciers or underground; only a tiny fraction is in streams, lakes, wetlands, and the atmosphere.

  • Human impacts on earth's systems

    • Human activities in agriculture, industry, and everyday life have had major effects on the land, vegetation, streams, ocean, air, and even outer space. But individuals and communities are doing things to help protect Earth’s resources and environments.
  • Patterns
    • Patterns of change can be used to make predictions

  • Cause and Effect
    • Cause and effect relationships are routinely identified, tested, and used to explain change.

  • Scale, Proportion and Quantity
    • Natural objects exist from the very small to the immensely large.

  • Systems and System Models
    • A system can be described in terms of its components and their interactions.

  • Stability and Change
    • Things may change rapidly or slowly.




Back to the
homepage