Lots of people were driven to the Gold Rush by gold. This was called “Gold Fever”. Gold fever is not a sickness, but a phenomenon that lures people towards gold.  Cultures with different skin color and languages were treated poorly. People who spoke English and had white skin were treated fairly. Chinese were only allowed to mine on old claims that no one wanted to mine on. They were frequently beaten, and had their homes and businesses destroyed. Chilenos were from Mexico and South America. They were beaten and had to pay high taxes. They were allowed to stake a claim, but they had to leave any claim that was proven to be rich. Native Americans watched their land get destroyed, their streams get polluted, had their homes destroyed, and their wildlife scared away. Lots of different ethnic groups that were not American were treated very unfairly. Different cultures from all around the world were driven to the Gold Rush.