There wasn’t a real government during the Gold Rush in California, since it wasn’t a state. The miners were forced by
necessity to create their own “laws.” Instead they would elect a presiding officer, and sometimes a marshall. Camp
meetings were usually democratic. They had two purposes: one, they made laws; two, they enforced the laws. If a miner
wanted to get justice, he would post a notice to call a camp meeting. A judge and jury could be selected, hear the miner’s
case and decide what to do. Other miners backed the decision up. Strict punishment, and possible death, were given to the
people who were proven guilty. This government caused the United States to accept it as a state. The United States
accepted California as a state because there were crimes going around everywhere. California had to make laws to prevent
these murders, and so there was a meeting in Colton Hall. There were 48 delegates, 8 of which were Californios, and 40 of
which were Americanos. Each side chose a representative to speak what they believed. From September 1, 1849, to
November 13, 1849, the Constitution was created. The benefits were that there were fewer crimes being committed.
Another benefit was that there were actual laws, not just “miner’s law.” When the future 31st state, California,
gained a Constitution, it changed and helped the economy and less disasters occured because laws were created.