There wasn’t a real government during the Gold Rush in California, since it wasn’t a state. The miners were forced by

necessity to create their own “laws.” Instead they would elect a presiding officer, and sometimes a
marshall. Camp

meetings were usually democratic. They had two purposes: one, they made laws; two, they
enforced the laws. If a miner

wanted to get justice, he would post a notice to call a camp meeting. A judge and jury could be
selected, hear the miner’s

case and decide what to do. Other miners backed the decision up. Strict punishment, and possible
death, were given to the

people who were proven guilty.  This government caused the United States to accept it as a state.
The United States

accepted California as a state because there were crimes going around everywhere. California had to
make laws to prevent

these murders, and so there was a meeting in Colton Hall. There were 48 delegates, 8 of which were
Californios, and 40 of

which were Americanos.  Each side chose a representative to speak what they believed. From
September 1, 1849, to

November 13, 1849, the Constitution was created. The benefits were that there were fewer crimes
being committed.

Another benefit was that there were actual laws, not just “miner’s law.” When the future 31st
state, California,

gained a Constitution, it changed and helped the economy and less disasters occured because laws were created.


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