The Gold Rush’s Impact on the Environment


The California Gold Rush had a huge impact on the environment. When the miners did hydraulic mining, blasting pressurized water on a mountain, they eroded it causing massive rivers of mud and sediment. The miners did hydraulic mining because all rivers start at mountains, and the rivers had gold meaning the mountains also had gold. To take the gold out of the mountain they did hydraulic mining which led to California’s first environmental protection law to stop hydraulic mining.

Additionally, coyote mining had an impact on the environment. Coyote mining was when the miners dug 100 feet to 250 feet until the bedrock to get gold. They also strained all the gold from all the dirt they dug up and used rocker boxes or long toms. This had an impact on the environment  because miners destroyed the land by making holes. It also made the land more dangerous as people fell into the holes. 

The  miners themselves impacted the environment. With their cigars and tobacco, the miners polluted the environment by spitting tobacco on the ground, and causing smoke fumes with their cigars. They also increased the population in many cities affecting the environment. In San Francisco so many people came that the homes had to be built side to side and many lumber workers had to be hired to build houses by the day. To do this trees had to be cut down to get lumber. Since many tree were cut down, animals had to leave their natural habitat. We conclude that the environment had good and bad impacts on California.
The California Gold Rush had a huge impact on the environment.