The Pony Express was mentioned by Cordelia in the book The Adventures of Pearly Monroe. Cordelia was scared that Indians were going to scalp their heads. Pearley said that she has heard too many stories about the Pony Express. Indians got mad when Pony Express riders went into their land. Indians would attack when Pony Express riders got in to their territory.That is how the Pony Expess is in he book The Adventures of Pearly Monroe.

The Pony Express was a mail delivering service that ran from St. Joseph, Missouri, across the Great Plains to California. The founders of the Pony Express were William H. Russell, William B. Waddell, and Alexander Majors. The first trip going west took about 9 days and 23 hours. Even though the Pony Express route was extremely dangerous, only one package was ever lost. The riders of the Pony Express would ride about 250 miles in 24 hours. Riders would get a new horse every 10 to 12 miles. The Pony Express only lasted 18 months. The Pony Express only lasted that long because it was forced to be shut down after the opening of the Transcontinental Telegraph. The telegraphs were much faster than the Pony Express and was it was much cheaper. The Pony Express started on April 3, 1860, and ended October 24, 1861.


By Tanner


 


                        

 
History


  
In the mid- 1800’s, three men had an idea to start a mail service delivery company called the Pony Express. The founders started their business on August 3, 1860.  Their idea was to have a series of mail relay stations across the United States.   Before the Pony Express even started, the mayor of St. Joseph, Missouri said,

“The mail must go. Hurdled by flesh and blood across 2,000 miles of desolate space-Fort Kearney, Laramie, South Pass, Fort Bridger, Salt Lake City. Neither storms, fatigue, darkness, Mountains or Indians, burning sand or snow must stop the precious bags. The mail must go.”

The mayor wanted better mail service because of the gold rush in California. The gold rush created a lot of mail coming from California to the East, and the mail needed to be delivered faster. The price at the beginning for a half-ounce delivery was $5.  Soon the price dropped to $2.50. By 1861 the price was only $1 per half-ounce of delivery.  The Pony Express prices dropped quickly because telegraphs were coming soon, and they promised lower prices. Their prices were going to be $3.75 per half ounce.
  The normal hours for the Pony Express were Monday through Saturday from 9 a.m. through 5 p.m. Deliveries in winter were shortened to 9 a.m. through 4 p.m.  On Sundays the deliveries would be made between 11 a.m. and 5 p.m.  Even though the Pony Express route was extremely dangerous, only 1 mail delivery was ever lost when a rider was killed.  When riders were riding, they would get a new horse every 10 to 12 miles.  On June 4 ,1860, after 10 weeks of the Pony Express at work, the Western Union started to make the first transcontinental telegraph. On October 24, 1861, the Pony Express ended because of the Transcontinental Telegraph. The Transcontinental Telegraph’s construction was over, and the Pony Express was over too.
                 

 By Tanner


                            
                                                                                                                                                               




 



                                                                                                                            Founding

In 1860 the Pony Express was started by William H. Russell, William B. Waddell, and Alexander Majors. Plans for the Pony Express were scattered by the threat of the Civil War and the need for faster communication with the West. In 1845 it took President James K. Polk six months to get a letter to California, which dramatically pointed out the need to improve communication in the expanding nation.

The Gold Rush in the1840’s brought thousands of Americans to the far West.  Getting the letters between the nation’s coasts was an increasingly important problem. Nothing meant more to citizens who went west in the 1840’s and 1850’s than mail from home. The government had struggled with the challenge of making a transcontinental mail service ever since The Mexican War. The Pony Express helped improved communication across the continent.
                                                                              
 By Hayden




    





    
Route


The Pony Express route was almost 2000 miles. The trail was rough but easy because of how they didn’t have any big problems. The trail went out west from St. Joseph, the eastern part of the route and went along the Oregon Trail from Kansas through what is now Nebraska and Wyoming. The rider would pass by landmarks familiar to thousands of travelers. Then the Pony Express went up the Little Blue River to get to Fort Kearney. The route then proceeded up along the Platte River passing Courthouse Rock, Chimney Rock, and also Scotts Bluff to Fort Laramie. Then the Pony Express had to go along the Sweetwater River passing Independence Rock, Devil's Gate, and Split Rock, to find Fort Caspar, through South Pass continuing to Fort Bridger and Salt Lake City. Then the Pony Express went across the Great Basin and Utah-Nevada Desert. They then went around the border of Lake Tahoe to get to the Sierra Nevada and over the rough Sierra Nevada Mountains and into California as fast as man and horse could go; they went day and night. The entire trip of the Pony Express would be completed in 10 days cutting the time of mail and news delivery to the West Coast by more than half.  No wonder a lot of people wanted to use the Pony Express.  When the mail arrived in Sacramento, it was put on a boat and continued its way down the Sacramento River to San Francisco for a total of 1966 miles. The Pony Express went through the states now called Nebraska, Kansas, Missouri, Utah, Colorado, Wyoming, Nevada, and California.


By Shaun


                                                     

  





Stations


The Pony Express consisted of relays of people riding horses and carrying bags of mail on a 2,000-mile trail. April 3, 1860, the Pony Express officially opened. Riders left often from Sacramento, California, and St. Joseph, Missouri. The first West-bound trip was made in 9 days and 23 hours and the East-bound journey was made in 11 days and 12 hours. Riders traveled 250 miles in a 24 hour day. The service only lasted 19 months until October 24, 1861. The completion of the Pacific Telegraph line made it no longer needed. Although California relied on the Pony Express for news early in the Civil War, the line was never a political success, making the founders broke. However, the drama around the Pony Express made it part of the legend of the American West.          

By Matthew


     








How The Pony Express Changed America



The Pony Express had some positive and negative changes to America.  The Pony Express helped many people communicate across the country. Most people came to California from the mid-west.  It used to take months to get a letter from the mid-west to California.  With the Pony Express, it only took ten to thirteen days to get from the mid-west to the West.  The Indians did not like the Pony Express and burned down some Pony Express stations.
So the Pony Express did not have anywhere to drop off mail so no one got their mail.  The Pony Express helped show everyone that fast mail service was needed between the mid-west and the west.  The Pacific Telegraph line replaced the Pony Express.  The telegraph line was able to immediately get messages to the West.  The Pony Express changed American history by improving communication.

By Hayden








                                                                                                                 

                                                                     

                                                                                                        
                 


MORE INFORMATION ABOUT THE PONY EXPRESS





Pony Express History

Pony Express Facts


                                                                                                              





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